Glossary

A

  • Abrasion: the deterioration of an object caused by external friction on its surface

 

  • Accelerated Life Test: the procedure to discover the life expectancy of your equipment under regular conditions

 

  • Acid resistant: has protection against dangerous acids

 

  • Adapters: ideal to bond two differing materials together

 

  • Adhesion loss: when two bonds separate after loss of quality down to service qualities

 

  • Adhesive: suited for sticking two objects together (see: sellotape)

 

  • Air flow: the volume of air that is coursing through test parameters

 

  • Ambient temperature: the heat of the surroundings during a test (see: room temperature)

 

  • Ambient conditions: what the test subject may be exposed to

 

  • Application: determining how and when the hose assembly will be used

 

  • Attachment: using a tool to connect two separate objects

 

  • Axial movement: condensing or lengthening the longitudinal axis

 

B

  • Barb: a component of the seal that acts as a hook to keep the attachment secure

 

  • Bend radius: the measurement of how far the hose can bend

 

  • Braid: A piece of apparatus that determines the pressure rating and strength

 

C

  • C of C: an essential document that describes whether or not the product meets industry standards and is safe for application

 

  • Cam & Groove: the enabler of connection and disconnection of the female part of the fitting

 

  • Cemented end: the final piece of the device which is sealed off by liquid coating

 

  • Chemical compatibility: how long a material can be exposed to an element for or if it should be exposed at all

 

  • Chemical resistance: the duration at which a polymer can resist the effects of a harmful chemical

 

  • Clamp: the connector become a hose and a fitting

 

  • Coefficient of friction: the calculation of a surface’s lubricity

 

  • Compound: the result of mixing rubber, plastic or other materials

 

  • Conductive: if a material is cable of transferring an electric current

 

  • Convolution count: the amount of ridges or corrugations per hose

 

  • Convolution/corrugation: a helical flexing member in a corrugated hose

 

  • Coploymer: a combination of two polymers

 

  • Corrosion: when outside elements cause the degradation of a material

 

  • Corrugated hose: a variety of hose that has enhanced flexibility

 

  • Coupler: the female equivalent of the cam & groove

 

  • Coupling: (see: fitting)

 

  • Creep: a gradual, subliminal deterioration of a material after initial stressing

 

D

  • Deburr: to remove the rough edges from the inside of a hose end

 

  • Durometer: useful for deciding the strength of rubber and plastic compounds

 

  • Durometer indicator: determining the strength of the durometer itself

 

E

  • Elastomer: the grouping of polymeric materials that are typically name thermoset

 

  • Electrostatic discharge: a release of electrostatic energy

 

  • Elongation: an increase in size compared to the original percentage

 

  • EN: certification that most European specialists require

 

  • Enlarged end: the last portion of the hose being of greater diameter than the body

 

  • Extrusion: the process of forcing through the shaping die of an extruder

 

F

  • Fatigue: the state of a material after constant pressure is applied to it

 

  • Fitting: attaching a component to a hose to allow connection

 

  • Flex life/ flex life test: how long the hose can defend against flexing and the application of finding out the figure

 

  • Flow rate: the amount of element flowing through

 

G

  • Guide: the supporting device for a pipe in all directions

 

H

  • Hand built hose: a handmade hose, constructed by specialists

 

  • Heat resistance: the amount of heat a product can withstand

 

  • Helix: a peculiar shape typically implemented for use in suction hoses

 

  • Hose: the conduit for the body

 

I

  • Interstice: a minute opening occasionally found between fibres

 

K

  • Kinking: a distress of the hose to make it a permanent shape

 

L

  • Low Temperature flexibility: how well a hose handles being at cold temperatures without loss of quality

 

  • Life test: (see: accelerated life test)

 

M

  • Mandrel built: a hose built on a mandrel

 

  • Media: what is being processed through a systemic action

 

N

  • Non-conductive: a material being incapable of transferring an electric conduct

O

  • OEM: original equipment manufacturer

 

  • Oil resistance: how efficiently the materials handle exposure to oil

 

  • Operating conditions: a hose assembly’s surroundings which need to be optimised

 

  • Overall length: how long the hose assembly is

 

  • Ozone resistance: how the material is affected by the efforts of ozone

 

P

  • PC: polycarbonate

 

  • Permeation: migrating one substance to another i.e. gas through a hose

 

  • Pitch: the separation measure between two helixes

 

  • Plain ends: a thread-less and groove-less fitting

 

  • Ply: a singular layer of a hose

 

  • Pneumatic testing: utilising compressed gas through a hose to discover if it suffers from leakage

 

  • Polymer: the combination of monomers with either the same or different chemical compositions

 

  • Pressure: force of the test divided by unit area

 

  • Profile: the contour of manufactured strip hose

 

  • PSI: a measurement that means pounds per square inch

 

  • PVC: polyvinyl chloride

 

Q

  • Quality conformance inspection/test: a professional inspection of whether or not the test subject meets regulation guidelines

R

  • Reinforcement: increasing the defensive aspects of your product

S

  • Smooth bore: the description of the hose’s innercore

 

  • Soft end: the rigid reinforcement is omitted through this sector

 

  • Specification: The ‘specs’ of a product that details all there is to know about it

 

  • Spiral: differentiating the types of reinforcement with various shapes and strands

 

  • Static conductive: being able to create a path for static electricity

 

  • Static wire: the enabler of static electricity

 

T

  • Tear resistance: the factor to be considered when determining the product’s longevity

 

  • Thermoset: a polymer that does not revert back to its original state after increased heat

 

V

  • Vacuum resistance: how resilient the hose is in regards to the vacuum volume

 

  • Vibration: the disturbance of a material after frequent motion

 

  • Vulcanisation: when a rubber compound is expanded or contracted and its elasticity is altered

 

W

  • Weathering: similar to fatigue but it’s more a degradation found outside in unfortunate elements

 

  • Wire reinforced: the strengthening of a hose by implementing added wiring

 

  • Working temperature: the heat of the application area, typically noted in testing